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The war between Iran and Iraq that lasted for most of the 1980s was one of the bloodiest conflicts of the late 20th century. Casualties for both armies numbered in the hundreds of thousands. At times the combat zones bore more than a passing resemblance to the battlefields of the First World War, with opposing trench systems arrayed along miles of front, massed infantry attacks pushed forward over the top and chemical weapon attacks an increasing method of both attack and defence. It was in the main a large-scale ground-war, with naval operations a decidedly subordinate field of operations. Nevertheless, it is the naval aspect of the war – in particular the decision by both sides to att... Tout l'article

19 juillet